General Theory of Crime << Click
Personally, I believe that strain, violent video, video game, internet, all have significant effects on delinquency. However, it is unable to explain the reason of the entire juvenile delinquencies as a certain one. If so, how the teenagers, who have encountered violent movies and video games, are categorized into juvenile delinquents and non- juvenile delinquents? Regarding this issue, there are a lot of theories and general principles; one of them is Gottfredson and Hirschi’s General Theory of Crime. They believe that the entire delinquency or crimes occur accidentally and impulsively by the instant desire. They assumed the major cause of juvenile delinquencies as the low self-control. Although they believed that the low self-control is the necessity of delinquency this could not explain all with it. They also emphasized that the delinquency opportunity as another necessary condition, which is emphasizing that the juveniles with low self-control do not delinquent anytime, but in certain opportune situation. It could be said that the juveniles with low self-control do delinquencies impulsively as easily exposed to the delinquency opportunities such as; when they are likely decided as the benefits and pleasures are high enough to get through delinquencies or when supervisions of parents are loose. They observed as the self-control is formed by the nurturing method of the parents when juveniles were younger, and emphasized on the roles of parents in childhood by observing as the continuous tendency would be made after the adolescence, once self-control is formed. Eventually, the common factors of the general strain theory and the general crime theory are; the role of parents and the relationship between parents and juveniles are important, and the relationship between mother and child has a huge effect on juvenile delinquencies. That is, how juveniles were raised in what kind of environment from the parents, which is, the internal factors have the biggest effect on juvenile delinquencies and the external factors are the additional influences.